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NAME PROPERTY LENGTH DATE GENERAL MEANING point to point straight MEASUREMENT CHART |INSTRUMENT (HOW GOTTEN) Ruler | METRIC UNITS ENGLISH UNITS Meter (m), Centimeter (cm), km inches ("), feet ('), yards (yd), miles (m) square meter (m2 ), centimeter squared acre, square feet, square miles, square inches AREA 2 dimensional space Ruler (Length times Width), Formula VOLUME 3 dimensional space how much space it takes up Ruler (Length times Width times Height) how much liquid it holds or displaces (capacity) Liquid container, or displacement/overflow (subtract) liters (l), milliters (ml)= 1 cubic centimeter ounces (oz),pints, quarts, gallons amount of matter Balance with known masses grams (g), kilograms (kg), centigrams (cg) slugs WEIGHT and force of gravity on object FORCE/PRESSURE push/pull Scale, spring newtons (n), dynes (d) ounces, pounds (lb), tons TEMPERATURE average heat per molecule Thermometer degrees Celsius, degrees Kelvin (Celsius + 273) degrees Fahrenheit DENSITY mass per volume, how tightly packed MASS divided by VOLUME grams per cubic centimeter SPEED distance per time rate of travel DISTANCE divided by TIME kilometers per hour (kph), meters per second (mps) miles per hour (mph), feet per second (fps) ACCELERATION rate of speed increase change in speed divided by TIME meters per second per second feet per second per second ENERGY/WORK force times distance, energy output force times distance, heat output PRESSURE Force per Area MASS cubic centimeter (cc), meters cubed (m 3 cubic inches, cubic feet joules (j), calories (c), kiloCalories (C) ElectronVolts(eV), FootPounds(ft-lb), Kilowatt hour (kW-h), ergs (e), lbs per sq in, Pascals, mm Hg, atmospheres, torr METRIC PREFIXES NAME MULTIPLIER exa penta E P 1018 1015 PLACE = = 1,000,000,000,000,000,000 1,000,000,000,000,000 TERA 1,000,000,000,000 GIGA 1,000,000 KILO Move decimal to left by change in levels trillion 1,000,000,000 MEGA HECTO DECA billion +9 1000 thousand +3 100 hundred +2 ten 1 DECI .1 CENTI .01 or 1/100 MILLI .001 or 1/1000 MICRO +0 -1 hundreth -2 thousandth -3 millionth -6 NANO .000000001 or 1/000000000 PICO .000000000001 or 1/1000000000000 femto atto f a = = +1 one or 1/10 tenth .000001 or 1/1000000 10-15 10-18 +12 million +6 10 --- EXPONENT Move decimal to right by change in levels billionth -9 trillionth -12 0.000,000,000,000,0001 0.000,000,000,000,000,0001 MASS: 1 kg= 2.21 pounds on Earth, 1 lb= .45 kg , 1 gram =0.035 ounces, 1 ounce = 28 grams, 16 ounces = 1lb WEIGHT (FORCE): 1 Newton = 0.225 lbs, 1 lb = 4.45 Newtons, 1 Newton = 100000 dynes, 1 kg = 9.8 Newtons, 1 Newton = 0.102 kg, 1N =3.57 oz LENGTH: 12 in = 1 ft, 3 ft = 1 yd, 5280 ft = 1 mile, 1 in = 2.54 cm, 1 foot = 30 cm, 1 yard = 0.9 meters, 1 mile = 1.6 kilometer, 1 kilometer = 0.6 miles, 1 meter = 3.3 feet, 1 meter =39.37 inches, 1 meter = 1.09 yards, 1cm = 0. 4 inches, 1mm = 0.04 inches VOLUME: 6 ounce = 1 teaspoon, 1 ounce = 30 ml, 1 ml = 0.03 ounces, 32 ounces = 1 quart, 2 pints = 1 quart , 4 quarts = 1 gallon, 1 quart = 0.95 liters, 1 liter = 1.06 quarts, 1 gallon = 3.8 liters,1 cubic meter = 35 cubic feet, 1 cubic foot = .03 cubic meters, 1 cubic centimeter = 1 milliliter WATER: 1 gram has volume of 1 milliter. TEMPERATURE: degrees Kelvin = Celsius +273, Celsius=(Fahrenheit-32)*5/9, Fahrenheit = (9/5*Celsius)+32 SPEED: 1 mile per hour = .44704 meters/sec TIME: 1 hour = 60 minutes = 3600 seconds